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Ayurveda, the most holistic method of treatment that covers the body and the soul, dates back to over 5,000 years. It was Vyasa, the famous sage who put into writing form the Ayurveda scriptures which forms of basis of all forms of Ayurvedic treatments. These are called the Vedas and one of these, the Atreya Samhita is believed to be the oldest medical book in the world. The Vedas are divided mainly into - Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. They deal with a range of topics from health, astrology, spirituality and even governance. The poojaris or religious heads of those days, also called Brahmanas, were not only the religious heads, but also Vaidyas or physicians as well.
The Hindu god of creation, Mahabrahma, is believed to have passed on the Ayurvedic system of healing to some of these holy men. Gradually, Ayurveda grew to be a respected and widely used system of healing in India. Scholars from all over the world came to India hearing about Ayurveda, to learn more about this system of healing and to took it back with them to their respective lands. The three main Ayurvedic texts in use today are the Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita and the Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita. While the Charak Samhita includes topics on anatomy, physiology, etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and signs of disease, methodology of diagnosis, treatment and prescription of patients, prevention and longevity; the Sushrut Samhita covers surgical equipment, classification of abscesses, burns, fractures, wounds, amputation, plastic surgery and rectal surgery. It also covers anatomical discussions of bones, joints, nerves, organs, blood vessels and other major parts of the human body.